FCI GROUP: Terriers
Allowed as pet in Singapore HDB Flat: Yes
Origin: Argyleshire, Scotland, 1800s; shares ancestry with the Cairn, Scottish, and Skye Terrier. The West Highland White Terrier was previously known as the Poltalloch Terrier and subsequently renamed as the Roseneath Terrier. The breed came about when a Scottish breeder of the Cairn Terrier whelped some white pups in his litter. Those pups were subsequently selected and bred to obtain the first West Highland White Terrier, or simply a white Cairn Terrier. The Roseneath Terrier was renamed in 1909 to the West Highland White Terrier.
Original Purpose: Hunting foxes, otters, and badgers; vermin extermination.
Behaviour and Temperament: Tenacious, affectionate, proud, happy, spirited, friendly, independent.
Breed Characteristics: Active. The West Highland White Terrier has a fine sense of hearing. Lovable family pet. Needs a lot of attention; does not do well alone, becoming quite destructive. Westies equal barkers plus diggers. Should stay on a leash when not in a fenced area.
Physical Features: 25.5 to 28 cm; 6.5 to 9.5 kg. Colour is white, of course; however, at one time they came in a variety of colours.
Coat Type and Grooming: Dense, hard, straight outercoat; soft undercoat. Moderate maintenance required; brushing twice a week with a stiff bristle brush to prevent mats. An all-white coat is always more difficult to keep presentable. Professional grooming is recommended; stripping for show, clipping for pets. Westies shed very lightly when groomed correctly.
Life Expectancy: 14 to 15 years.
Health Concerns: Craniomandibular osteopathy (CMO), globoid cell leukodystrophy, anemia, skin problems (allergies), cataracts, diabetes, orthopaedic problems (patellar luxation, Legg-Perthes, hip dysplasia), dilated cardiomyopathy.
Exercise: Moderate to high; Needs daily long walk although play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, Westies can become destructive if not exercised thoroughly.
Housing: Can adapt well to apartments if given sufficient exercise. Very active indoors and will do okay without a yard.
Sociability: Bonds with the whole family. Playful but does best with older children; not good with toddlers unless socialised very early. Some wary of strangers, others are friendly. Some can be snappish when irritated. The Westie rarely starts a fight, but he won't walk away from one he is in. Can get overexcited or aggressive with other pets; not good with small animals or dogs. Will chase cats.
Trainability: Low to average; these are very independent dogs.
Activities: Obedience, agility, earthdog trials.
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